Nothing can be achieved without politics. Politics is not just what politicians do, although governments provide large part of it. Politics is about relationships that involve power, authority, influence, conflict, cooperation, selfishness and altruism. One of the basic questions we ask is "who gets what, when, and how?" Instrument of politics include discussion, propaganda, persuasion, legislation, administration, threats, bribes and the use of armed forces.
- "The world is currently afflicted by many forms of political violence, from civil war and mass killings in the name of religion and ideology, to the radicalization of people for terrorism. In the Master of Conflict and Terrorism Studies (MCTS) at the University of Auckland taught by Prof.Dr. Chris Wilson, I study the causes, dynamics and consequences of this violence, and explore practical and ethical approaches to its prevention and resolution.
- I dream peace and prosperity for the people and the planet. Peace, dignity and equality on a healthy and happy planet. I want people should be happy, healthy and prosperous. It can be achieved by improving healthcare services, educating all, reducing inequality, better town planning, decreasing population, reducing mass consumption. Economic growth is essential. But tracking climate change and preserving our oceans and forests is also essential. This means growth should be sustainable.
- In other words, minimize causes of conflict to sustain peace and prosperity. To achieve this I advocate human duties are as important as human rights.
- "This site addresses the ethical dilemmas and governance challenges arising from conflicting goals and interests in international development. Balancing competing demands of various stakeholders through appropriate governance mechanisms requires an in-depth understanding of the values and judgements that inform societal choices and political decision making and local priority settings.
- In this essay I shall discuss literature and find causes of conflict and then how to minimize it. I shall not discuss conflicts caused by criminals. It is the duty of police and the society to work together and find solution by educating masses.
- This essay shall be based on conflicts related to riots, ethnic conflicts, civil war, war and mass killings.
In India it is known that people need "ROTI - Kapada - and Makaan". In other words we all want to live in peace, prosperity and happiness. People need food, clothing and shelter. In today's word water and energy is added. Sex and Stomach are the other basic necessities, which society must take care. Conflicts are caused due to the above needs.
Today world is interconnected and intertwined. Event in India, Hong Kong and New York can not be an isolated event. World is divided into two groups. One advocates democracy and other group exercises power to retain in power. Conflicts can not be overlooked by REAL POLITIK. But there may be some trade offs.
There should be clear understanding of the trade-offs and conflicts emerging from the increasing interconnectedness of global and local food, water and energy supplies. Given the myriad of interactions and possible trade-offs, it is pivotal to successfully address the triple challenge of securing food, water and energy supplies for present and future generations.
a) the interconnections between food, water and energy security
b) major ethical debates surrounding the food, water and energy nexus and approaches to governing the nexus
c) the societal, political and economic transformations that are essential to support the transition to integrated and ethically sound food, water and energy systems." (Politics 713)
- To achieve this, United Nations Organisation is advocating 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) with 169 targets to achieve sustainable development globally. It is known as Agenda 2030.
- There are three dimensions of sustainable development: economic, social and environmental. It applies to all countries. Politics plays vital important part.
- This can be achieved by following steps:
a) implementation of the sustainable development goals;
b) evolution of concepts, models, and approaches to sustainability and transdisciplinary research;
c) the analysis of global and regional drivers. UNSDG (Politics 710).
This guide highlights some key events and documents related to the evolution of the concept of development within the UN.
The concept of development includes many aspects and has changed over time. The first paragraph of the Agenda for Development dated 15 October 1997 (A/RES/51/240) states:
- "Development is one of the main priorities of the United Nations. Development is a multidimensional undertaking to achieve a higher quality of life for all people. Economic development, social development and environmental protection are interdependent and mutually reinforcing components of sustainable development".
- "Sustained economic growth is essential to the economic and social development of all countries, in particular developing countries. Through such growth, which should be broadly based so as to benefit all people, countries will be able to improve the standards of living of their people through the eradication of poverty, hunger, disease and illiteracy, the provision of adequate shelter and secure employment for all and the preservation of the integrity of the environment."
- "Democracy, respect for all human rights and fundamental freedoms, including the right to development, transparent and accountable governance and administration in all sectors of society, and effective participation by civil society are also an essential part of the necessary foundations for the realization of social and people-centred sustainable development".
- "The empowerment of women and their full participation on a basis of equality in all spheres of society is fundamental for development."
Other guides on the environment, human rights, and the documentation of the other UN organs supplement the information in this guide.
The work of other organizations, especially the UN specialized agencies and programmes and funds, is central to the UN's work related to development.
"Sustainable development recognizes that eradicating poverty in all its forms and dimensions, combatting inequality within and among countries, preserving the planet, creating sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth and fostering social inclusion are linked to each other and are interdependent."
On 18 September 2000, the Millennium Declaration identified fundamental values essential to international relations (A/RES/55/2). The Millennium Development Goals set targets for realizing these values around the world by 2015 and served as the focus for UN work throughout the period:
- Hunger: Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger
- Education: Achieve universal primary education
- Gender Equality: Promote gender equality and empower women
- Child Mortality: Reduce child mortality
- Mental Health: Improve maternal health
- HIV AID : Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases
- Environment: Ensure environmental sustainability
- Global Partnership: Global partnership for development
"Sustainable development recognizes that eradicating poverty in all its forms and dimensions, combating inequality within and among countries, preserving the planet, creating sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth and fostering social inclusion are linked to each other and are interdependent."
The High-level Political Forum, United Nations central platform for follow-up and review of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the Sustainable Development Goals, provides for the full and effective participation of all States Members of the United Nations and States members of specialized agencies. "The 2030 Agenda is our roadmap and its goals and targets are tools to get there.", - Secretary-General António Guterres
Politicians are required to execute.
"Migration is one of the defining features of the 21st century and is integral to social and economic development. The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development recognized the role of international migration in achieving inclusive social and economic development. At least 10 of the 169 targets of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) include references to issues directly pertaining to international migration, migrants, and mobility. These include targets under goal 4 on scholarships for study abroad, under goal 8 on labour rights of migrants, and under goal 10 on facilitating orderly, safe, regular and responsible migration, including through the implementation of planned and well-managed migration policies. Migration will have a significant impact on the achievement of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Indeed, many of the SDGs can only be fully achieved if migrants and their contributions to development are taken into account. Conversely, differing development outcomes are likely to influence migration patterns well into the future. "
The establishment of the United Nations High-level Political Forum on Sustainable Development (HLPF) was mandated in 2012 by the outcome document of the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development (Rio+20), "The Future We Want". The format and organizational aspects of the Forum are outlined in General Assembly resolution 67/290.
All below mentioned SDGs are related https://in.one.un.org/sdg-wheel/
- Sustainable Development Goal 1 End poverty
- Sustainable Development Goal 2 Zero hunger
- Sustainable Development Goal 3 Good health and well being
- Sustainable Development Goal 4 Quality education
- Sustainable Development Goal 5 Gender Equality
- Sustainable Development Goal 6 Clean Water and sanitation for all
- Sustainable Development Goal 7 Affordable and clean energy
- Sustainable Development Goal 8 Decent work and Economic Growth
- Sustainable Development Goal 9 Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure
- Sustainable Development Goal 10 Reduced Inequalities
- Sustainable Development Goal 11 Sustainable cities and communities
- Sustainable Development Goal 12 Responsible consumption and Production
- Sustainable Development Goal 13 Climate action
- Sustainable Development Goal 14 Life below water
- Sustainable Development Goal 15 Life on Land
- Sustainable Development Goal 16 Peace Justice and Strong Institutions
- Sustainable Development Goal 17 Partnership for the Development Goals
- GSDR 2019 Global Sustainable Development Report 2019 Power Point report
WHY THIS MATTERS
We aim to see our world radically changed, for good.
Achieving the SDGs will create a world that is more sustainable, equitable, and prosperous. In order to get there, investors must adapt their strategies to deliver not only financial results, but positive social and environmental outcomes as well.
National Action on the SDGs in India
Narender Bhai Modi Said in his speech See last para of his speech below
"There is no cause greater than shaping a world, in which every life that enters it can look to a future of security, opportunity and dignity; and, where we leave our environment in better shape for the next generation. And, no cause that is more challenging.
At 70, we are called to rise to that challenge, with our wisdom, experience, generosity, compassion, skills and technology.
I am confident that we can.
In the end, let me express my hope for everyone’s well with a few lines from our ancient texts:-
May all be happy, may all be healthy, may all see welfare, may no one have any sorrow."
Niti Ayog Index and explanations - Important to read
NITI Aayog, the Government of India’s premier think tank, has been entrusted with the task of coordinating the SDGs. NITI Aayog has undertaken a mapping of schemes as they relate to the SDGs and their targets, and has identified lead and supporting ministries for each target. They have adopted a government-wide approach to sustainable development, emphasising the interconnected nature of the SDGs across economic, social and environmental pillars. States have been advised to undertake a similar mapping of their schemes, including centrally sponsored schemes.
In addition, the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation (MoSPI) has been leading discussions for developing national indicators for the SDGs. State governments are key to India’s progress on the SDG Agenda and several of them have already initiated action on implementing the SDGs.
State Governments are a crucial driving force for SDG progress
State governments are key to India’s progress on the SDG Agenda as they are best placed to ‘put people first’ and to ensuring that ‘no one is left behind’. Many of the Government’s flagship programmes such as Swachh Bharat, Make in India, Skill India, and Digital India are at the core of the SDGs. State and local governments play a pivotal role in many of these programmes.
The role of local governments is equally important; 15 of the 17 SDGs directly relate to activities undertaken by local governments in the country. State governments are paying keen attention to visioning, planning, budgeting, and developing implementation and monitoring systems for the SDGs.
The Government of India is steadfast in its commitment to provide access to safe #water & sanitation facilities for all habitations. Know how well your State/UT has performed on @NITIAayog 's #SDGIndiaIndex 2019 for achieving #SDG6: http://bit.ly/SDG-India-Index #5YearsOfNITIAayog Rjive Kumar on twitter @Rajivkumar1 published for SDG 6 India 2019-20.
India has so far about 7.1 confirmed #COVID19 cases per lakh population vis a vis approx. 60 cases per lakh population globally. A glimpse of the comparison with countries having the highest number of confirmed cases of #COVID19. #SwasthaBharat
Sashakt Bharat - Sabal Bharat (Empowered and Resilient India): India has successfully lifted more than 271 million people out of multidimensional poverty through economic growth and empowerment. Enhanced access to nutrition, child health, education, sanitation, drinking water, electricity and housing, has led to reduced inequalities especially among people in vulnerable situations.
Swachh Bharat - Swasth Bharat (Clean and Healthy India): Through a nationwide initiative triggered by the Clean India Campaign and the National Nutrition Mission, India achieved 100% rural sanitation and sharp reduction in stunting and child and maternal mortality rates. Universal health coverage has been institutionalized through Ayushmaan Bharat, the world’s largest health protection scheme which provides an annual cover of USD 7,000 to 100 million families, covering nearly 500 million individuals.
Post Covid-19, World Needs Sustainable Development Plus
21 May 2020 - 0 Submitted by Jitendra Kumar, Adviser and Rishika Surya, Young Professional in NITI Aayog
While we are facing the pandemic, a new thinking emerges to manage nature and its resources.
So far, our policy response to the Covid-19 outbreak has been based on the principle of 'safe living', with precedence on the health and well-being of people. Safe living has been accorded high priority, along with the principle of sustainable development for a 'safe future'. In other words, a new thinking, that of 'Sustainable Development Plus'—with a focus on safe living, now and in the future—has emerged. Citizens' support for the same is obvious as the nationwide lockdown applied by the government was generally accepted as a wise and timely decision to curb the spread of the novel coronavirus.
Due to the highly contagious nature of the disease, people have been left with no option but to stay at home and take multiple precautions at a personal level. From disinfecting every single material brought for daily consumption to avoiding social interactions, the situation has been quite stressful. We are facing an extraordinarily tough situation that has compelled us to think how to manage nature and its resources differently to avoid pandemics like Covid 19. At a time like this, it is imperative to revisit the established principle of sustainability.
The emerging ideas for managing nature post Covid-19 take us towards 'Sustainable Development Plus' with 'Safe Living” getting high priority in the core objectives of our development initiatives along-with 'Safe Future'. For the purpose of keeping focus on safe living leading to health security for the people, the principle of sustainable development needs to be strengthened adequately even by adding new management parameters. However, the critical question remains, 'What needs to be prioritized or added to the existing principle of sustainable development?'
First, we must have a high-quality forest cover. In India, the national goal is to ensure that one-third of the total land area is under forest or tree cover. In addition, attention must also be paid on the quality of the trees. Bael, Nageswar, Neem, Amla and others that have medicinal value should be planted on a large scale to turn our forests into a reservoir of herbal medicines. In view of their utility for communities as well as the environment, forests with such trees would also attract people's support for conservation.
Second, region-specific standards for a balanced relationship between humans, wild animals and nature need to be established scientifically and be thus maintained.
Third, an integrated farming system—cultivation of spices, medicinal plants, agricultural and horticultural crops, dairy, and other agriculture-related activities on the farm itself—is a better option for healthy living. Consumption of organically grown fresh fruits, vegetables and milk as well as ayurvedic herbs and spices make our immune systems stronger to fight diseases.
Fourth, smart cities and villages need to be planned differently with the construction of houses as per our traditional system of architecture, vastu shastra. A house constructed as per proper planning, facilitates better natural ventilation and more entry of sunlight inside the living areas, thereby maintaining a healthy environment for the entire family.
Fifth, focus needs to be on restricting development at a site to its scientifically assessed carrying capacity.
Sixth, scientific research needs to be strengthened to develop mechanisms for prediction of a disease outbreak. That would help in making advance preparations to fight the disease and save lives.
Seventh, a protocol for adoption of learning from our age-old traditions and practices for safe living should be suitably developed.
Eighth, technology-based interventions need to be applied for maintaining pure air and clean water, much required for healthy living. Furthermore, institutional arrangements at the national and regional levels are required to be put in place for effective implementation of the planned strategies for safe living, now and in the future
More focus areas can be finalized based on further research. It is certain that all endeavors focusing on 'safe living: now and in the future' would get citizens' support. In totality, strengthened scientific research, effective technological applications and a pro-active citizenry would be the three key pillars of 'Sustainable Development Plus'. To finalize the roadmap for its application to manage nature and its resources for safe living, consultation with experts and stakeholders needs to be initiated. That would be the beginning for setting in motion a new development principle for a new future.
Jitendra Kumar is Adviser and Rishika Surya is Young Professional in NITI Aayog. Views expressed are personal.
Health action taken in NZ
New Zealand method
He waka eke noa - ‘we are all in this together’ – is a Māori proverb and the title to our first VNR reflecting the government’s policy of ‘leaving no one behind’.
New Zealand’s first Voluntary National Review (VNR) covers all 17 SDGs with a focus on how we deliver outcomes most relevant to New Zealand. The VNR outlines New Zealand’s approach to the SDGs and reflects our commitment to productive, sustainable and inclusive economic development. The report highlights challenges as well as successes, and identifies areas where further work is needed.
The VNR reflects the New Zealand context. The special status of Māori as the tangata whenua, indigenous people of New Zealand, is of profound importance and fundamental to our national identity. The VNR incorporates the concept of kaitiakitanga, or guardianship, of our natural environment.
New thinking is required to achieve the vision encapsulated in the SDGs. Rather than measuring progress in purely economic terms. New Zealand is developing a broader set of measures - theLiving Standards Framework (LSF) - that puts sustainable intergenerational wellbeing at the centre of policy-making and the management of our resources. The LSF is an innovative framework for measuring and analysing the dynamics of wellbeing, as well as risk and resilience across a broad range of economic, social and environmental domains.
In parallel, Statistics New Zealand has developed a new set of metrics - Indicators Aotearoa New Zealand (IANZ). Like the LSF, IANZ goes beyond traditional economic measures such as income and GDP, and includes wellbeing and sustainable development. IANZ will support the LSF, as well as monitoring and reporting against the SDGs.
Health action taken total of World
SDG Health in the World
Reproductive, maternal, newborn and child health
Non-communicable diseases, mental health and environmental risks
Health systems and funding
Sustainable Development Goal 3 of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development is to “ensure healthy lives and promoting well-being for all at all ages”. The associated targets aim to reduce the global maternal mortality ratio; end preventable deaths of newborns and children; end the epidemics of AIDS, tuberculosis, malaria and other communicable diseases; reduce mortality from non-communicable diseases; strengthen the prevention and treatment of substance abuse; halve the number of deaths and injuries from road traffic accidents; ensure universal access to sexual and reproductive health-care services; achieve universal health coverage; and reduce the number of deaths and illnesses from hazardous chemicals and pollution.
Action taken in Australia
SDG example Australia
This is a ‘whole of Australia’ endeavour, across the whole Agenda.
Australia is committed to the 2030 Agenda, including the SDGs and the Addis Ababa Action Agenda on Financing for Development.
Our response to the SDGs is shaped by our environment, governance systems, institutions, economy, and society.
The SDGs contain long-standing, complex policy challenges with no simple solutions. They require a joint effort.